WISCONSIN FROM A TO Z
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
Wisconsin celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month and has special archaeological events. The state has several archaeological sites and some are on the National Register of Historic Places including the Roche-a-Cri petroglyphs. The Office of the State Archaeologist protects archaeology sites in the state. The Wisconsin Historical Society also helps to protect archaeology sites. The Society has an Underwater Archaeology Kids Corner
Wisconsin has over 400 species of BIRDS and birdwatching is popular and there are Birdwatching Trails. The State Bird is the Robin. Some birds are endangered.There are several Birding Clubs in the state. The Mourning Dove is the State Symbol of Peace.
Wisconsin has several thousand BRIDGES including Suspension Bridges, and Railroad Bridges. There are also Covered Bridges, and a Prescott Drawbridge. The Dubuque-Wisconsin Bridge connects Iowa to Wisconsin. . The Reiman Pedistrian Bridge connects the Milwaukee Art Museum on the lakeshore to the east side of the downtown's central business district by way of O'Donnell Park. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in Wisconsin The Wisconsin Department of Transportation is responsible for inspections of all bridges along the state highway system.
Wisconsin has 72 COUNTIES. The largest county is Marathon & Ozaukee is the smallest county. Milwaukee County has the largest population & Menominee has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
There is not any evidence of dinosaurs having lived in Wisconsin, but a skeleton of the Jefferson Mammoth has been found. Fossils have been found in the state including Climactichnites. The State Fossil is the Trilobite. The Jurustic Park, in Marshfield, has scultures of prehistoric creatures. CLICK HERE for dinosaur coloring pages.
Only 11 states have a State DOG. The Wisconsin State Dog is the American Water Spaniel. There are many Dog Events in the state including many Dog Shows. There are also Dog Parks & Beaches, and Dog Friendly Hiking Trails, Tours, & Shopping. The Wisconsin Kennel Club has a Dog Show. The state has a Dog Rescue Groups. Although Wisconsin does not have a State Horse, it does have Horse Shows and rodeos. There are many horse trails and campsites. The Wisconsin Horse Council promotes horses through leadership, education, service and communication.
The Wisconson Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in the state. It is provided free and is mandatory for any child age 7-18. The State also has private schools that are required to comply with state standards and regulations. St. Johns Northwest Military Academy opened in 1884 and alumni include heads of state, business leaders, professional athletes, accomplished artists, statesmen, and politicians. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS and festivals & celebrations are held throughout Wisconsin including many Music Festivals. The Summerfest in Milwaukee is the largest music festival in the country. There are also Arts & Crafts Shows. There are 3 State Fairs - Northern Wisconsin State Fair, the Wisconsin State Fair, and Central Wisconsin State Fair. There are also many County Fairs. The state observes State & Federal Holidays.
The Wisconsin State FLAG includes the State Seal. Some counties and municpalities have a flag, and some Native American Tribes have a flag including the Ho-Chunk Nation. The State Motto is "Forward". It is the only state to have an official microbe - Lactoccus lactis.
The FOOD timeline for Wisconsin dates back to the pioneers. When immigrants arrived, each ethnic group tended to retain the cooking styles of its homeland. For the German settlers sauerkraut was indispensible. The Scandinavians loved Herring. German sausage making is still an important industry in the state. In logging camps, hearty and plentiful food was indispensable. The history of cheese dates back to the 19th century, but only one can be called a native Wisconsin variety - Colby. The State Beverage is milk and the State Grain is Corn. The Hamburger Hall of Fame is in Seymour and shows the history of the Hamburger.
Wisconsin has had many Forts and Camps. Most of them are gone but a few of the remaining forts have buildings and some are on the National List of Historic Places. A portion of Fort Crawford was restored for use as a museum of medical history. Fort Howard has 3 remaining structures - hospital, hospital ward, and officer's quarters. Fort McCoy is a year-round training post. The surgeon's quarters at Fort Winnebago was restored and is open to the public.
Wisconsin has several GHOST TOWNS. Apostles Islands has foundations and residents. Ulao remnants of a pier and abandoned tavern. Cream has several buildings. Hurley is a small town. Wisconsin claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Wisconsin is approximately 43 degrees north and 89 degrees west. The geographic center of Wisconsin is in Wood County. The highest point is Timms Hill and the lowest point is the Shore of Lake Michigan. The town of Reitbrock has a geographical marker that identifies the spot (45°N,-90°W) of the exact center of the northern half of the Western Hemisphere. The topography of the state includes 4 main regions. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Wisconsin.
The HISTORY of Wisconsin dates back to 10,000 BC when the Paleo-Indians arrived. The Early Woodland Period began in 1000 BC . People of the Mississippian culture expanded into Wisconsin around 1050 AD. In 1634, when Jean Nicolet arrived, the primary inhabitants were the Menominee and the Ho-Chunk . The state was involved in the Civil War and supported the Union. The state participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Wisconsin. There are many species of butterflies & moths. There is a Buttterfly Association in Southern Wisconsin. The state has many species of spiders. and beetles and a variety of bees, ants, and other insects. The official State Insect is the Honey Bee.
Wisconsin has nearly 400 ISLANDS. Some of them are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. The Apostle Islands are a group of 22 islands in Lake Superior and a National Lake shore. Madeline Island is the largest island in Wisconsin.
Many aspects of life in Wisconsin focus on KIDS. The Department of Fish & Wildlife has activities for kids and The Fish and Wildlife Service has a special Kids page about fish. The Department of Natural Resources has a Kids Page. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has a kids page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout Wisconsin. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. There are also school libraries and academic libraries. The state has a Poet Laureate.
Wisconsin has many LIGHTHOUSES and some offer tours. The Potawatomi Lighthouse, lit in 1836, is the oldest light station in the state and on Lake Michigan. The Cana Island Lighthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places. The Eagle Bluff Light was automated in 1926 and the former lighthouse keeper's home is a museum. Wind Point Lighthouse is one of the tallest and oldest currently active lighthouses on the Great Lakes. Door County has more lighthouses than any other county in the country. Apostle Island has more lighthouses than any other National Park. Most of the Apostle Islands light stations reached by water during the summer. There is an annual Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
Wisconsin has MOUNTAINS, peaks, and hills. Timms Hill is the highest point in the stae. Mountain Climbing is popular and the state has some of the finest rock climbing areas in the Upper Midwest. Six or seven hundred million years ago, Wisconsin was part of a mountainous region which covered all the state and much territory outside it.
Winsonsin has hundreds of MUSEUMS. The AirVenture Museum is dedicated to the preservation and display of aircraft located in Oshkosh. The Harley-Davidson Museum contains a large collection of motorcycles and other Harley-Davidson memorabilia. The Circus World Museum is in Baraboo, the home of the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ringling_brothers Ringling Bros. and Barnun & Bailey Circus.
The first residents of what is now Wisconsin were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo-Indians. Other Cultures followed. The state has many tribes and bands and Reservations. Several Powwows are held during the year. There are many Casinos and several tribes have their own license plate.
Over 5 million PEOPLE live in Wisconsin. Residents are called Wisconsonites and are also known as Cheeseheads. Many well-known people have called Wisconsin their home including Houdini, magician; Frank Lloyd Wright, architect; William H. Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; and Don Ameche, actor.
Wisconsin has several PORTS. The port at Manitowoc shipped lumber and fish in its early days. Today the port ships grain and malt. The Twin Ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin are located at the western part of Lake Superior and considered the largest freshwater ports in the world. The Port of Green Bay is located on the western most point of Lake Michigan and offers a direct route for shipments linking Midwest and international markets.
Wisconsin is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians including frogs, salamanders, snakes, lizards, and nearly a dozen turtles, There are endangered amphibians and reptiles. There are 2 venomous snakes, the Eastern Massasauga and the Timber Rattlesnake. The state has many rare reptiles. All native herptiles are considered protected, but have different levels of protection. There are several Reptile Shows in the state.
Wisconsin has 33,000 miles of RIVERS and streams. The Wisconsin River is a tributary of the Mississippi River. The Wolf River and the St. Croix River are National Scenic Rivers. The Wisconsin Valley Improvement Company operates 21 reservoirs. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Wisconsin offers a wide variety of SPORTS and has many sports teams including college, high school, league, & professional. The state has over 600 golf courses both public and private. Because of its many lakes and miles of shoreline, Water Sports are popular and there a many Water Shows. Another popular sport is Skiing. Many sports figures have come from the state.
Wisconsin has many types of TRAILS and celebrates National Trails Day. The Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Trails are considered the best trails in the state. The Mariners Trail runs along the shore of Lake Michigan.The Ice Age Trail passes through 30 of Wisconsin's 72 counties and is a National Scenic Trail. Wisconsin has several Scenic Byways. The Door County Coastal Byway explores all shores of the peninsula extending on Lake Michigan. The Great River Road is a National Scenic Byway. The state has many Roadside Attractions.
Wisconsin has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Department of Transportation provides a variety of information and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The are special license plates,, and some tribes have their own plate. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Wisconsin. There are many Speedway Racetracks. To celebrate its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for Wisconsin was the Peterbilt Tanker.
Two ships have been named the USS Wisconsin. The 1st ship, the USS Wisconsin (BB-9), was an Illinois-class battleship launched in 1898. She had a long career going around the world. She was decommissioned in 1920 and sold for scrap in 1922. The 2nd ship, the USS Wisconsin (BB-64), was an Iowa-class battleship. She was decommissioned in 1991, having earned a total of 6 battle stars for service in World War II and Korea, as well as a Navy Unit Commendation for service during the 1991 Gulf War. She currently functions as a museum ship at the National Maritime Center in Norfolk, Virginia.
Wisconsin does not have any active volcanoes, but there are ancient geologic features thought to be related to volcanism. The northwest corner of the state is underlain by a volcanic rift. The Baraboo region has volcanic rocks. The University of Wisconsin-Madison maintains a Volcano Watch
Wisconsin experiences a wide variety of WEATHER. Summers are warm and winters very cold, especially in the upper northeast and north-central lowlands. The state has a special web page for kids. During the winter, ice dams form on rivers and roofs. The State Climatologist and Weather Underground provide information about current weather. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about the weather.
Wisconsin has a wide variety of WILDLIFE Some of the wildlife are endangered or threatened including the Canada lynx, the Gray wolf, and the Northern long-eared bat. The Ground Hog>/a> is a very special animal in Wisconsin because it gave the state one of the funnest national holidays - Ground Hog Day. The Whitetail Deer is one of the most abundant animals seen in the state and the State Wildlife Animal. The state has many Wildlife Refuges and Wildlife Viewing Areas. The Horicon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge is one of the largest freshwater marshes in the country. Wisconsin has a Wildlife Protection Plan. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. The Wisconsin Wildlife Federation is dedicated to the future of hunting, fishing, trapping, and shooting sports.