Information about North Carolina for each letter of the alphabet.
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, ARCHAEOLOGY, & ART
North Carolina celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month and there are several archaeology and paleontology events. The state has many archaeologycal sites. Joara is notable as a significant archaeological and historic site. Stanly County is home to the most famous site in the state and a National Historic Landmark - Hardaway.
Cape Hateras National Seashore Once dubbed the "Graveyard of the Atlantic" for its treacherous currents, shoals, and storms, Cape Hatteras has a wealth of history relating to shipwrecks, lighthouses, and the US Lifesaving Service. North Carolina has nearly 500 species of BIRDS. The coastal region provides some of the highest species counts in the world. National wildlife refuges, National Seashore Parks, and Nature Reserves provide many acres of protected habitat and a magnet for hundreds of bird species. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Hotspots and Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Cardinal. The Cape Hateras National Seashore provides a variety of habitats for wintering areas for migrating waterfowl
North Carolina has a variety of BRIDGES including covered bridges and footbridges. The Mile-High Swinging Bridge is the highest suspension footbridge in the country. The Peter Gluice Memorial Bridge is the highest elevated bridge in the state. The Coatan Sound Bridge is the longest bridge in the state. The Linn Cove Viaduct was the last section of the Blue Ridge Parkway to be finished. The North Carolina Department of Transportation is responsible for more than 18,000 bridges, pipes, and culverts and has an inspection program. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in North Carolina.
North Carolina has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has several telephone Area Codes, and Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
North Carolina has 100 counties The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. The largest county is Robeson County Clay is the smallest. Mecklenburg has the largest population and Tyrrell the smallest. Bath is the oldest town in the state.
North Carolina has 2 State DANCES. The Shag is the official state popular dance. clogging is the state folk dance, and there are clogging competitions. Maggie Valley is called the Clogging Capital of the World and the Clogging Hall of Fame is located here.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS roamed in what is now North Carolina. A variety of dinosaurs and prehistoric animals have lived in North Carolina. Fossils are common in the state. The Megalodon Shark Teeth is the State Fossil. The Museum of Life and Science has a Dinosaur Trail. The state has many geologic formations that preserve fossiles. The Black Creek Formation preserves fossils dating back to the Late Cretaceous period. For dinosaur coloring pages, CLICK HERE.
The North Carolina State DOG is the Plott Hound. The state has many Dog Events and Dog Friendly Attractions. A Dog Olympics is sponsored by the North Carolina University. Saving Grace sponsors a Dog Adoption Program.
North Carolina provides free public EDUCATION and is mandatory from age 7-16. There are also many private schools. The Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state.
A variety of EVENTS are held in North Carolina including many Festivals. The State Fair and monthly events are held at the State Fair grounds in Raleigh. Agricultural Fairs are held throughout the state. The state celebrates Public Holidays.
The State Flag was approved in 1885. Several Municipalities and Counties have their own flag.The Eastern Band Of Chrokee Indians have their own flag. Red & Blue are the state colors. The State Seal was last modified in 1984.
The FOOD Timeline of North Carolina dates back to colonial days. History-wise the state is probably most well known for its Moravian food heritage. The state has several edible food symbols. The Blue Berry is the State Blue Berry and the Stawberry is the State Red Berry. Milk is the State beverage. The Krispy Kreme Doughnut was created in Winston-Salem. Pepsi was invented and first served in New Bern in 1898. North Carolina has FOOD Festivals, Events, and Shows.
North Carolina has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but a few have monuments or been made into parks. Fort Bragg is a major U.S. Army Installation. Fort Fisher is a National Historic Landmark. Fort Macon is a State Park. The state operates Brunswick Town/Fort Anderson State Historic Site. The Fort Neoheroka Sites is on the list of National Historic Places. North Carolina Baptist Assemblyis on the former site of Fort Caswell. Fort Raleigh preserves the location of Roanoke Colony.
North Carolina has GHOST TOWNS. At Mortimer there are old house sites, mill site, and railroad bed. Brunswick Town is a Historic Site. Portsmoutn can only be reached by ferry and has 20 old buildings including a schoolhouse, a Methodist Church, and a life saving complex. North Carolina claims to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSTION of North Carolina is approximately 35 degrees latitude north and 78 degrees longitude west. The geographic center is in Chatham County. The highest point is Mt. Mitchel and the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning Finder and the state has many Geocaches. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 6684 ft.
The HISTORY of North Carolina dates back to the first Native Americans coming to the New World 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Eventually, nearly 30 Native American groups settled across what is now North Carolina. In 1585, an English settlement was established at Roanoke Island. The Governor returned to England for supplies and when he returned, the colony had vanished. In the 1600s permanent settlers from Virginia began to move to North Carolina, and it eventually became one of the original Colonies. The colony was involved in the Revolutionary War and the state was involved in the Civil War. The first successful powered flight by man was at Kitty Hawk. The state participates in National History Day.
North Carolinahas a variety of INSECTS including nearly 200 species of butterflies and many Dragonflies and Damselflies. Ft. Bragg is the only locality where the endangered Saint Francis' Satyr butterfly is known to occur. There are also Grasshoppers and Crickets and True Bugs. There are a number of species of spiders and some of them are poisonous. There are also Bees, Ants, Wasps, and similar insects and Beekeeping is a popular activity. The State Insect is the Honeybee.
North Carolina has many ISLANDS including many along the Atlantic Ocean. Some of them are on the U.S. list of Island because they have a ham radio. Harker’s Island hosts the annual Core Sound Decoy Festival in December. The first English colony was located on Roanoke Island and mysteriously vanished. Hatteras Island is one of the longest islands in the contiguous United States. In 2017 a new island suddenly emerged just off the coast of North Carolina. Outer Banks is a string of barrier islands and spits off the coast of North Carolina.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The North Carolina Judicial System is made up of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, and District Courts.
Many aspects of life in North Carolina focus on KIDS. The North Carolina General Assembly has a Kids Page that provides information about the state. The Secretary of State also has a Kids Page. There is a webpage about Family Things to doin the state. Agriculture in the Classroom has a Kids Page. NOAA has a special page for kids. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout North Carolina. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has specialized collections. The Supreme Court Library is open to the public. The State Library is in Raleigh. The state has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
North Carolina has several LIGHTHOUSES. Cape Hatteras is the largest lighthouse ever to be moved due to erosion problems. Ocrakoe Lighhouse is the oldest lighthouse in the state and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The 1887, is a historic decommissioned lighthouse. It is the only original screwpile lighthouse surviving, and has been saved and restored at Edenton. Carrituck Beach Lighthouse is one of 3 lighthouses in the state open to the public. The tower of Cape Lookout Lighthouse is now open for climbing. A lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
More than 300 MINERALS have been found in North Carolina more than in any other state. The Geological Research provides information about minerals in the North Carolina. Lithium minerals, phosphate rock, and crushed stone account for the bulk of the annual mineral production. The state leads the nation in production of feldspar, mica, and pyrophyllite. It also leads the nation in the production of clay used for brick manufacture and ranks seconds in phosphate rock production. There are a number of digging sites OR pay to dig mines. The state rock is granite. Many varieties of gemstones can be found in North Carolina and the State Precious Stone is the Emerald. The first gold mine in the United States was established in North Carolina at the Reed Gold Mine and North Carolina was once a major gold producing state. In 1788 a 17-pound nugget was discovered in Cabarras County. The State Mineral is Gold.
North Carolina has several MOUNTAIN ranges. Mount Mitchell is the highest peak east of the Mississippi. Grandfather Mountain, the highest peak in the Blue Ridge and is best known for its mile-high swinging bridge, the highest in the country. It is the only private park in the world designated by the United Nations as in International Biosphere. Beach Mountain is the highest town in the eastern part of the country. Mountain Climbing is a popular activity.
North Carolina has a variety of MUSEUMS. The first state owned art museum in the country is located in Raleigh. Two of the most popular musems are Discovery Place and Heritage Square. The Wright Memorial at Kitty Hawk commemorates the first successful powered flight by man. The North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences has permanent and special exhibits, live programs, and educational films that appeal to all ages.
The first people to inhabit what is now North Carolina were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo Indians. Prior to 1500 - Approximately 30 Native American tribes were scattered across what is now North Carolina - the Cherokee, the Catawba, the Tuscarora, and the Croatans. At the present time the state has several tribes">Tribes. The Lumbee Tribe reside primarily in Robeson County. It is the largest tribe in North Carolina, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River, and the 9th largest in the nation. The state has Indian Casinos and several Powwows are held during the year.
North Carolina has several OBSERVATORIES and planetariums. The Blue Ridge Observatory and Star Park is a Silver-tier International Dark Sky Park established 2014. Dark Sky Sites include Bladen Lakes State Park, The Doughton State Park, the Pettigrew State Park, and Elizabeth Town. The state has Astronomy Clubs & Organizations. Many meteorites have been found in North Carolina. In 2011 there were several meteorite sightings. The possibility of an impact crater in the state is being investigated. The state participates in National Astronomy Day
North Carolina has a population of over 10 million PEOPLE and residents are called North Carolinians. Many famous people have called the state their home including The Wright Brothers, invention of airplane; James K. Polk, 11th President; Andrew Johnson, 17th President; and Nathaniel Batts who is said to be the 1st European man to permanently settle in North Carolina.
North Carolina has PORTS and harbors along the seacoast and inland. The State Ports Authority develops and operates seaports in Wilmington and Morehead City. There are Inland Ports in Charlotte and Greensboro, and a beautiful marina in Southport. The state is planning a large international portin Southport.
North Carolina has a variety of REPTILES and amphibians including many species of lizards and 37 species of snakes and 6 of the snakes are venomous. After almost being eradicated in North Carolina, alligators have made a comeback. The state has a variety of turtles including freshwater turtles and bog turtles. N.E.S.T is dedicated to the preservation and protection of the habitats and migration routes of Sea Turtles and other marine animals on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
North Carolina has many North Carolina is drained by many rivers. Neuse River, Yadkin River and Roanoke River are a few of the notable rivers in the state. The Neuse is the longest river contained entirely within the state. The state has many Whitewater Paddling Rivers. A popular activity is River Tubing.
North Carolina has a variety of TRAILS including Horse Trails. The Big Bradley Falls Trail is considered one of the best trails in the state. Part of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail goes through the state. North Carolina participates in National Trails Day. The state has several scenic byways. The Outer Banks of the National Scenic Byway traces the easternmost parts of North Carolina and is one of the best road trips in the state. The Historic Albemarle Tour follows several U.S. and State highways in the 17 county region, identifying historic sites and towns. The state has Roadside Attractions.
North Carolina has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Department of Transportation is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state and has an adopt-a highway program. The state has the largest state-maintained highway system in the country – 77,400 miles of roads. A variety of Special License Plates are available. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. The Transportation Museum has a variety of exhibits. The busy waterways in the state have a commercial ferry system, two major international ports, and a commercial fishing fleet of over 9000 vessels.
Five Ships have been named USS North Carolina. The 1st USS North Caroloina (1820) was a 74 gun Ship of the line lauched in 1820 and sold in 1867. The 2nd Uss North Carolina (ACR-12) was a Tennesse-class cruiser launched in 1906, escorted transport troops in World War I, and sold as scrap in 1930. The 3rd USS North Carolina was laid down in 1920 but never completed. The 4th USS North Carolina (BB-55) served during World War II and received 15 Battle States. It is now a museum ship and memorial in Wilmington. The 5th USS North Carolina (SSN-777) is a Virginia Class submarine now in service. The CSS North Carolina was an ironclad gunboat built in 1863, developed a leak, and sank in 1864. The State Historic Boat is the Shad.
The WEATHER in North Carolina varies from the Atlantic coast in the east to the Appalachian Mountain range in the west. The mountains often act as a "shield", blocking cold temperatures and storms from the Midwest from entering the Piedmont of North Carolina. Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate, except in the higher elevations of the Appalachians which have a subtropical highland climate. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. The state provides Information about Global Warming in North Carolina.
North Carolina has a variety of WILDLIFE. Some animals are endangered. The State Mammal is the Gray Squirrel. North Carolina has several Wildlife Refuges and is part of the Wildlife Protection Program. The Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge was established to preserve and protect a unique wetland habitat type—the Pocosin - and its associated wildlife species. The state has a Wildlife Action Plan.
North Carolina has ZOOS and aquariums. The North Carolina Zoo is the largest land area public zoo in the country and has special events and Zoo Camps. North Carolina Aquariums is a group of 3 public aquariums.