A fact for each letter of the alphabet
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The Amish way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community. Minnesota has several Amish Communities. The city of Harmony is the largest Amish community in the state.
Minnesota has ARCHAEOLOGY and paleontolgy events for kids, families, and schools.The Institute of Minnesota Archeology focuses on the exploration of the upper midwest archaeology. Minnesota has over 300 archaeological sites. The Kensington Runestone tells of a journey of a band of Vikings. The state has earth mounds built by prehistoric people. Little Elk Heritage Preserve is located in Charles Lindbergh State Park and has archaeological sites dating from at least 3,000 B.C. The Owen-Johnson Interpretive Center is located at Byre-Big Island State Park and has exhibits of prehistoric stone artifacts.
Minnesota has ART museums, schools, artists and galleries. The Minnesota Museum of American Art has over 3,000 works of American artists from the 19th and 20th century. The state has several Rock Art Sites. The Jeffers Petroglyphs site in southwestern Minnesota has over 2,000 petroglyphs (rock carvings) some of which may be up to 5,000 years old. The T3 Office Building in Minneapolis is the largest modern mass timber building the the country.
Minnesota has many BRIDGES including picturesque bridges. The state has Suspension Bridges and Covered Bridges. The Aerial Lift Bridge was the first transporter bridge in the country. (Only one other was ever constructed) Some of the bridges built by the Great Northern Railway are still around. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in Minnesota.
Minnesota has scenic BYWAYS and drives. Two of the scenic byways were among the first of the National Scenic Byways. The North Shore All-American Scenic Drive is one of the best road trips in the state. The Grand Rounds Scenic Byway is a system of trails, paths, and roadways. Minnesota has a variety of trails and more paved trails than any other state. The Paul Bunyan State Trail is the longest continuously paved trail in the Country. The Superior Hiking Trail is said to be one of the best trails in the state. Minnesota participates in National Trails Day. The state has several roadside attractions including a Viking Ship in Moorehead and another in Eden Prairie.
Minnesota has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, radio, television, telephone, and internet. There are several telephone areas codes in the state. Most businesses and schools are connected to the internet and Internet Service Providers are located throughout the state. Webcams are located throughout Minnesota.
Minnesota has 87 COUNTIES. The largest county in size is and Ramsey is the smallest. Hennepin is the largest county in population and Traverse is the smallest. Minneapolis/St. Paul is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the country. Dodge is the only county that does not have a lake. The The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. The state has many Townships.
There is evidence that DINOSAURS once lived in what is now Minnesota. Fossils of all ages have been found in the state including fossils of the Hadrosaur. The Science Museum has a Dinosaur and Fossil Gallery. In 2015 the claw of large prehistoric creatures was found. Researchers say the claw belonged to a dromaeosaur but have not identified the species. CLICK HERE for dinosaur coloring pages.
Public EDUCATION in Minnesota is free and compulsory from age 7-16. Education Minnesota is the states largest education organization dedicated to students and families. Project Learning Tree teaches children about land, air, and water. Information about schools in Minnesota is available from SchoolBug and Great Schools.
Minnesota has hundreds of EVENTS including Fairs & Festivals. There are several County Fairs, and the State Fair in St. Paul is one of the largest and best attended agricultural and educational fairs in the country. The mascot of the fair is a gopher named Fairchild. Minnesota observes Fixed Public Holidays and celebrates many other holidays.
The Minnesota State FLAG is royal blue with a gold fringe. The State Seal is in the center surrounded by a wreath of Ladyslippers the State Flower. A few cities have their own flag including Bayport, Mankato, and Rochester. Some Native American tribes in the state have their own flag including The Bois Forte Band of Ojibwe, The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe, The Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, The Minnesota Chippewa, The White Earth Band of Ojibwe, and the Red Lake Nation. The State Characters are Bullwinkle J. Moose and Rocky J. Squirrel.
FOOD timeline of Minnesota began when people started coming to Minnesota and brought with them a wide variety of food from a very diverse ethnic heritage--British, Germans, Scandinavians, Finns, Italians, Slavs, and more recently, refugees from Southeast Asia. Minnesota has many FOOD Festivals, Shows, and Events. The state has several edible state symbols - wild rice, milk, morel mushroom, walleye fish, and a state muffin (blueberry). Minnesota is the "birthplace" of SPAM and Betty Crocker (General Mills). The state has Food support & assistance Programs.
Minnesota has had many FORTS Most of them have not survived but a couple are historic sites or have a land marker. The Minnesota Historical Society now runs Fort Snelling (originally Fort St. Anthony) located atop a bluff along the Mississippi River and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources runs Fort Snelling State Park. Camp Ripley has a historical information sign and there are remaining ground depressions and remnants of a bunker. Visitors must enter the Camp Ripley grounds and be escorted to the old fort. Building foundations at Fort Ridgely are preserved by the Nicollet County Historical Society and owned by the Minnesota Historical Society within the boundaries of Fort Ridgely State Park. The old commissary building now houses the museum.
Minnesota has 24 GHOST TOWNS. Many have buildings and cemeteries. Forestville is in Forestville State Park and has a store stocked with merchandise typical of the 1890's. Pomme de Terre has a schoolhouse. Minnesota claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSTION of Minnesota ranges from 43-48 degrees north latitude and 91-96 degrees west longitude. Minnesota lies in the heartland of the country. The highest elevation is Eagle Mountain and the lowest is the surface of Lake Superior. The Topography of Minnesota ranges from 600 ft to 3,000 ft. Geocaching is a high-tech treasure hunt using a Global Positioning System, and there are several geocaches throughout the state.
The HISTORY of Minnesota can be traced back 9,000 years. It was Mississippian people in the south and Terminal Woodland people in the north who made contact with the first Europeans in the 17th century. Minnesota was part of the Louisiana Purchase. Minnesota was involved in the Civil War and supported the Union. The state participates in National History Day.
Minnesota has a variety of INSECTS. The Monarch butterfly is the State Insect. There are many species of dragonflies and damselflies. The Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie is a habitat for rare insects including the Dakota Skipper. There are also several creepy bugs.
Minnesota has many ISLANDS in lakes and rivers. Many of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Nicollet Island which is the only inhabited island on the Mississippi River. Oak Island is on the Minnesota/Ontario border. Latsch Island in Winona is home to over 100 boathouses. The Islands of Peace are a Mississippi National River and Recreation Area. Boom Island and HarrietIsland are not really islands but parks on the Mississippi River.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The highest court in the Minnesota Judicial System is the supreme court, consisting of a chief justice and 6 associate justices. The district court is divided into 10 judicial district and is the court of original jurisdiction. Each judicial district has at least 3 district judges. The governor designates a chief judge.
Many aspects of life in Minnesota focus on KIDS. The Minnesota Secretary of State has a Kids and Students Page.The State Parks in Minnesota have Kids Programs. Information about the well-being of kids and families in Minnesota is provided by KIDS Count. NOAA provides activities for kids about the weather. L IS FOR LAKES, LIBRARIES, & LIGHTHOUSES
Public LIBRARIES including bookmobiles. TheUniversity of Minnesota has several Academic Libraries. The first Children's Department in a library is said to be have been that in the Minneapolis Public Library. There are also government libraries, and many organizations maintain libraries. Most libraries have electronic catalogs and internet access.
Minnesota has nearly a dozen LIGHTHOUSES. At one time Split Rock Lighthouse was the probably the the most visited lighthouse in the country. Two Harbors Lighthouse is the oldest lighthouse in the state and is a historic site. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
Minnesota has a variety of MINERALS including clay, sand, gravel, peat, granite, and limestone and is the largest producer of iron ore and taconite in the country. The State Mineral is Galena. Minnesota has a wide range of semi-precious gemstones, and the State Gem is the Lake Superior Agate. Minerals and construction materials are mined in Minnesota. The Minnesota Mineral Club has an annual show, meetings, and field trips.The Minnesota Division of Lands and Minerals manages the mineral resources in the state.
MUSEUMS with a variety of themes are located throughout Minnesota. The Minnesota Children's Museum has hands-on activities, and 2 changing galleries have traveling exhibits. Owatonna has a State Orphanage Museum. Stearns County Museum & Research Center provides connections to the past, perspective on the present, and inspiration for the future.
The MUSIC of Minnesota began with the native rhythms and songs of native Americans. As the land developed, each group of immigrants brought with them the folk music of their European homelands. The Minnesota Orchestra was a model for other symphony orchestras throughout the country. The Minnesota Youth Symphonies has 4 orchestras composed of elementary through high school aged musicians. Other orchestras include the Kenwood Chamber Orchestra, Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra, Youth Symphonies, and St. Paul Jewish Community Center symphony. There are 2 opera companies in Minneapolis - The Minnesota Opera and the North Star Opera. The state has many Musical Groups.
The first inhabitants of Minnesota were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo Indians. They were followed by the Archaic Period, then came the Woodland Period and lastly the Mississipian Period. The state now has several Tribes & communities. Each autumn the Ojibwa tribe harvests wild rice. The Lower Sioux Interpretive Center provides information about the traditional lifestyle of these Native Americans. Several Powwows are held every year. The American Indian Movement was founded in Minnesota. Virtually all the pipe bowls of all North American Indian tribes are made of the red stone mined at Pipestone. Many Casinos are located throughout the state.
Minnesota is part of the OLD WEST - the area west of the Mississippi during the 1800s. The state has cowboys & cowgirls. The Old West Society preserves and promotes interest in this part of the history of our country. There are several Wild West Shows and Wild West Days are held in Zimmerman. Many Rodeos are held during the year. Horseback riding is popular and there are many Horse Trails and Campgrounds.
Minnesota provides most of the iron ORE in the country. The Mesabi Range is the largest of 4 major iron ranges in the region collectively known as the Iron Range of Minnesota. The Iron Range Research Center focuses on the history of iron ranges in the state. The Mahoning Mine is the largest open pit iron ore mine in the world.
Over 5 million PEOPLE live in Minnesota. Many famous people claim Minnesota as their home. The Minnesota Author's Biographies Project provides information about 36 past and present Minnesota authors. The state has a Confederation of Somali Community. The legend of Paul Bunyan originated in Minnesota with the lumberjacks in the north woods.
Take a QUIZ about Minnesota.
Minnesota has seven REGIONS. The Twin Cities Region is the most populus urban area in the state. The St. Croix River Valley Region has the largest Minnesota State Park. The Arrowhead Region is so called because of its pointed shape. The Central Lakes Region has an abundance of lakes and the source of the Mississippi begins here. The Red River Valley Region has relatively fertile lands and several population centers. The Prairieland Region has windfarms, a buffalo herd, and Indian petroglyphs. One of the beautiful stretches of ther Mississippi River flows along the Bluff Country Region.
Minnesota has a variety of REPTILES and amphibians including frogs, salamanders, snakes, and turtles. Blue Devil Valley Preserve is one of the state's 5 natural habitats for an endangered lizard called the blue devil. Minnesota is part of the USGS North American Amphibian Monitoring Program.
Minnesota has hundreds of RIVERS including the Mississipi River which is the 3rd largest river in the world and begins in Lake Itasca which means "true head". The Upper Mississippi River is an american heritage designated river. The Minnesota River Basin drains many square miles in the state and is both scenic and recreational. There are several wild and scenic rivers in the state. The Zumbro River is one of the few rivers in the country that flow north.
Minnesota has a variety of SPORTS including motor sports, winter sports, college sports, and professional sports. Hamline University calls itself the "birthplace of intercollegiate basketball. The Metrodome is the only facility in the country to host a Super Bowl, a World Series, and an NCAA Final Four Basketball Championship. The state has over 500 golf courses, and Minneapolis has more golfers per capita than any other city in the country. The Minnesota Sports Federation is the largest amateur sports organizastion in the country. LaCrosse was named after the game.
Minnesota has all forms of TRANSPORTATION The Minnesota Department of Transportation is responsible for all aspects of transportation in the state. Minnesota sits at the top of the country's Marine Highway. Many lakes and streams in the state form an inland navigation system. The state has an Adopt-a-Highway Program. The Department of Transportation provides traffic information. A variety of special license plates are available including some for American Indian Tribes. The Transportation Museum has 5 operating sites. Kasson is the only city in Dodge County to have only 1 stoplight. Minnesota has several types of highway markers. To celebrate its 50th birthday in 2002, Matchbox Cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the Union. The vehicle for Minnesota was the Ford F Series Fire Truck with Raft.
Minnesota has a variety of species of TREES. The State Tree is the Norway Pine. Minnesota has 58 state forests. The Forest History Center in Grand Rapids has re-created a turn-of-the-century logging camp.
Two ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Minnesota. The 1st USS Minnesota 1855 was a wooden steam frigate and saw action during the American Civil War including an encounter with CSS Virginia. The 2nd USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship and saw combat during World War I. A 3rd USS Minnesota (SSN-783) will be a Virginia-class submarine schedule to be commission in 2014.
The WEATHER in Minnesota is challenging. All 4 seasons are experienced. Summers can be hot with occasional rain and thunderstorms. Winters bring snow and icy roads. In 1996 Minnesota recorded its lowest temperature - minus 60 degrees farenheit! During the winter, ice dams form on rivers and the roofs of buildings. The Minnesota Climatology Working Group provides information about weather in the state. The Department of Natural Resources provides information about climate change in Minnesota.. NOAA provides activities for kids about the weather.
Minnesota has a variety of WILDLIFE and many Wildlife Refuges. Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge has one of Minnesota's grandest mammals - the moose. The State Mammal is the White-tailed Deer.The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge provides habitat for birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and fish. The Bell Museum of Natural History has information about wildlife. Minnesota has the largest wolf population of the lower 48 states. The state participates in the Wildlife Habitat Program.
Time ZONES are established by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time Zones. Minnesota is in the Central Time Zone. The state has several Plant Hardiness Zones.
Minnesota has 3 ZOOS and an underwater adventure with exhibits and an education program. The Minnesota Zoo is one of the top zoos in the country. It is home to nearly 3,000 animals including 15 species on the U.S. Endangered Species Act list and offers educational opportunities for preschoolers through senior citizens. Como Zoo is a free zoo in St. Paul. Lake Superior Zoo in Duluth holds special fun events throughout the year. Avian Acres in the southeastern part of the state has a Petting Zoo. The Oxbow Park and Zollman Zoo near Byron houses over 30 species of animals, most of which have injuries that would prevent them from surviving in the wild. All of the animals are native to Minnesota.