A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
The AMISH way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community. Over the past 2 decades, Kentucky has had one of the fastest growing Amish Communities with 62 church districts in 30+ settlements. The Amish settlement near Munfordville is the largest in the state. Crittenden County also has a large Amish community. The city of Marion has an Amish Tour and Backroads Festival.
Kentucky has many ARCHAEOLOGY sites and many are on the National Register of Historic Places in Kentucky. The Rowlandton Mound Site is a Mississippian culture site located in Paducah. The Biggs Site is an Adena site is located near South Shore. The state celebrates Archaeology Month and there are several archaeology and paleontology events.
Kentucky has nearly 400 species of
BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hot spots and
Birding Trails. The State Bird is the
Kentucky has many
Round Barns & Covered Bridges. The
Switzer Covered Bridge is the official State Covered Bridge. There is a
Covered Bridge Museum in Flemingsburg. Many of the bridges are on the national register of Historic Places in Kentucky. The
Maxine Preston Memorial Pedestrian Bridge in the
River is the longest plastic-deck suspended footbridge in the world.
High Bridge is the highest railroad bridge over a navigable waterway in North America.
Kentucky has many BRIDGES including Round Barns & Covered Bridges. The Switzer Covered Bridge is the official State Covered Bridge. There is a Covered Bridge Museum in Flemingsburg. Many of the bridges are on the national register of Historic Places in Kentucky. The Maxine Preston Memorial Pedestrian Bridge in the River is the longest plastic-deck suspended footbridge in the world. High Bridge is the highest railroad bridge over a navigable waterway in North America.
Kentucky was involved in the CIVIL WAR. It was one of the border states both geographically and politically. It was situated on the dividing line between the northern and southern regions of the United States and was one of only a few slave states that opted to stay in the Union. Though the Commonwealth was officially neutral, its citizens were deeply divided over the issues that caused the Civil War, and over the war itself -- a division symbolized by the fact that both Civil War presidents, Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, were Kentucky native sons. An important battle was fought in Mumfordville and it celebrates Civil War Days in September.
Kentucky has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has several telephone Area Codes, and Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Kentucky is one of 4 U.S. States constituted as a COMMONWEALTH. The state has 120 counties. The term "county" is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. Pike is the largest county and Gallatin is the smallest. Jefferson has the largest population and Owesley the smallest. Shelby County is called the Saddlebred County of the World.
DINOSAURS roamed what is now Kentucky around 200 million years ago. Dinosaur World has over 150 lifesize dinosaurs. In 1807 President Jefferson commissioned William Clark to organize the first excavation of fossil vertebrates in the United states - now called Big Bone Lick State Park. It is on the National Register of Historic Places and a National Natural Landmark. A variety of fossils have been found in the state. The State Fossil is the Brachiopod.
Kentucky provides free public EDUCATION for children from ages 6-16 but 18 is being considered. There are many Private Schools and Home Schooling is popular. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Kentucky. The state celebrates public holidays and other special days. The State Fair is held in Louisville. The state also has County Fairs & Horse Shows and Arts & Craft Shows. An Irish Fest is held every year in Louisville. Thunder over Louisville is the largest annual fireworks display in North America.
The State FLAG consists of the State Seal on a navy blue field surrounded by the words "Commonwealth of Kentucky" above and sprigs of Goldenrod, the State Flower. Several Municipalities and Counties have their own flag.
The FOOD timeline of Kentucky dates back to 1722 when hunters began to visit the forests. One of the earliest meals was called "Hunter's Stew". The food of Kentucky resembles that of traditional southern food. The state is known for its own style of barbecue. The state has FOOD Festivals, Events, and Shows. The State Beverage is Milk and the Black Berry is the State Fruit. KFC originated in Kentucky. The Old Kentucky Blue Grass - Georgetown Pattern is the official State Silverware. The Old Talbott Tavern in Bardstown opene in 1779 and is one of the oldest eateries in the country.
Kentucky has had many FORTS. At the present time there are 13 forts including Fort Knox where the U.S. Treasury Department maintains the Bullion Depository. Fort Campbell is home to the 101st Airborne Division and the 106th Special Operations Regiment. Fort Donelson National Battlefield preserves Fort Donelson and Fort Heiman, two sites of the Civil War. Fort Harrod was the first permanent settlement in the area that would become the Commonwealth of Kentucky. A reconstructed fort occupies land near the original site in Harrodsburg.
Kentucky has several GHOST TOWNS. The town of Blandville has some residences and an old graveyard. Lawton has an old General Store still in operation. Rocky Hill is one of 2 places. Kentucky claims to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSTION of Kentucky is approximately 38 latitude north and 84 longitude west. The geographic center is Marion. The highest point is Black Mountain and the lowest point is the Mississippi River. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and the state has many Geocaches. The topography of Kentucky ranges from 150 Ft to 4,500 ft.
The HISTORY of Kentucky dates back 13,000 years when the Mingo (Seneca-Iroquois), the Cherokee, and the Shawnee when inhabited the area. Ancient Indians, known as Mound Builders, first inhabited what is known today as southwest Kentucky in about 1650. In 1750, Thomas Walker led the first expedition to explore what is now Kentucky. In 1769, Daniel Boone set out for Kentucky accompanied by several other other men. In 1774, James Harrod constructed the 1st permanent settlement in Kentucky at Fort Harrod. In 1775, Boone led an expedition of men into the heart of Kentucky and established a settlement called Boonesboro. In 1776, Kentucky was originally declared to be a part of Virginia and was made a separate county of that state. In 1782, One of the last battles of American Revolution was fought at Blue Licks. In 1792 Kentucky was made a separate state and was admitted to the Union as the 15th state. The first major battle on Kentucky soil during the Civil War was fought near Prestonsburg in 1862. The state participates in National History Day.
Kentucky is one of the few states to have a State HORSE - the Thoroughbred. The state is called Horse Country and there are many Horse Shows. There are also Horse Race Farms.The Kentucky Horse Park in Lexington is dedicated to equestrian activities from international events to national shows. The Kentucky Derby horse race is held in Louisville and there is a webpage about it with coloring pages and activities. Horseback riding is popular and there are many Horse Trails & Campgrounds.
Kentucky has a variety of INSECTS including many butterflies and moths and dragonflies and damselflies. The State Insect is the Viceroy Butterfly. It also has many true bugs, There are also beetles and grasshoppers, and crickets. The state has many species of snakes and 4 of them are venonomous.The state a 39 species of spiders and 2 of them are poisonous. There are a variety of bees, ants, and wasps. Beekeeping is popular and there are backyard, hobby, and commercial beekeepers, and many beekeeping organizations.
Although Kentucky is landlocked it has many ISLANDS in rivers and lakes. Some are on the U.S. Islands list because they have a ham radio. Lake Cumberland is a reservoir with over 1,000 miles of shoreline and 4 islands. Kentucky Lake has several islands. 18 mile island is so called because it is 18 miles up from Louisville.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Kentucky judicial courts consist of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, and District Court.
Many aspects of life in Kentucky focus on KIDS and the government has a geneaology government Genealogy page for kids and the Legislature has a Kids Page. Fun For Kids has information about special places in the state kids enjoy. NOAA has a special page for kids. has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special U.S. Mint has a special Kids page. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has information for kids. The University of Kentucky has a special page about insects for kids & teachers.
Public LIBRARIES and academic libraries are located throughout Kentucky. The University of Kentucky has 9 libraries. The State Poem is "My Old Kentucky Home".The Kentucky Library & Museum is located on the campus of Western Kentucky University and is dedicated to the preservation and appreciation of the cultural heritage of Kentucky. The state has a Poet Laureat and celebrates National Poetry Month.
A LIGHTHOUSE is an important aspect to the mariner. Kentucky has 1 lighthouse - Lighthouse Landing - which marks the entrance to a marina on Kentucky Lake. The U.S. states of Kentucky and Tennessee are located east of the Mississippi River and south of the Ohio River. The Coast Guard maintains hundreds of aids to navigation on those rivers but with one known exception none of those aids qualify as lighthouses because a lighthouse must actually serve as an aid to navigation.
Kentucky has many MUSEUMS including the Creation Museum, the Mary Todd Lincoln House, and the Kentucky Science Center. The National Corvette Museum in Bowling Green has nearly 100 cars. The Kentucky Derby Museum and the International Museum of the Horse are 2 of the finest horse museums in the world. The Kentucky Railway Museum is in New Haven. The Shaker Village Living History Museum of Pleasant Hill is the largest restored Shaker community in the country.
The MUSIC of Kentucky is heavily centered on Appalachian folk music especially in the eastern part of the state. A variety of music festivals are held throughout the year. The state has many bands and orchestras and several opera companies. The Kentucky Opera is the 12th oldest opera company in the country. The State Musical Instrument is the Appalachian Dulcimer and Clogging is the State Dance. The State Song is "My Old Kentucky Home" and the Bluegrass Song is "Blue Moon of Kentucky". The Iroquois Amphitheater is the official State Amphitheater. The song Happy Birthday to You comes from the song "Good Morning to All", written and composed by 2 sisters in Louisville.
Over 4 million PEOPLE live in Kentucky and residents are called Kentuckian or Kentuckan. Many famous people have called the state their home including politicians, athletes, authors, artists, and entertainers. Both Abraham Lincoln, U.S. President, and Jefferson Davis, Confederate President, were born in Kentucky.
Kentucky has a variety of REPTILES and amphibians including 10 lizards, 32 snakes, and 14 turtles. Kentucky's venomous snakes are the copperhead, cottonmouth, timber rattlesnake, and pigmy rattlesnake. Most of the reptiles are native, but at least 2 species (Common Wall-lizard and Mediterranean House Gecko) are exotics that have been introduced into Kentucky from other parts of the world. The Dryridge House of Reptileshelps others learn about reptiles and amphibians through educational programs and hands on experience. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
Kentucky has many RIVERS and is also the only state in the country to be bordered by rivers on 3 sides. The state has 4 major rivers . The Kentucky River, supplies drinking water to about one-sixth of the population of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The Tennessee River is the largest tributary of the Ohio River. The Cumberland River river drains almost 18,000 square miles of southern Kentucky and north-central Tennessee. The Green River has earned the title of "Kentucky's longest river" because it cuts across the state without passing through any other state. Licking River makes reference to the many saline springs near the river that attracted animals to its salt licks.
Kentucky has a variety of TRAILS and participates in National Trails Day. The Natural Bridge and Battleship Rock Trail is considered one of the best trails in the state. Kentucy has several Byways. The section of Highway 23 in the state is known as The Country Music Highway. The Wilderness Road Heritage Highway was crucial in the settlement of the West and during the Civil War. The state has many Roadside Attractions.
Kentucky has all forms of TRANSPORTATION and an an Adopt-a-Highway Program. The Transportation Cabinet is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state and offers many special License Plates Designs. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. The 1st 511 traveler information service began in the Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky metropolitan area in June 2001.To celebrate its 50th birthday in 2002, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for Kentucky was the Pony Trailer. The official State Locomotive is Steam Locomotive No. 152.
Kentucky has many species of TREES including the rare Kentucky Coffee Tree. The state tree is the Yellow-poplar (liroidendron tulipfera). The state has several State forests and 2 National Forests. The state has a Big tree Program and 11 trees have been nominated.
Three ships have been named USS KENTUCKY. The 1st USS Kentucky (BB-6) was a Kearsarge-class battleship commissioned in 1898, sailed with the Great White Fleet, and sold for scrap in 1924. Construction of the 2nd USS Kentucky BB-66 was never completed and was sold for scrap in 1958 after several attempts to have her completed as a guided missile battleship. The 3rd USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) was the 12th Trident submarine commissioned in 1991. The CSS Kentucky, a confederate transport, was captured by the Union Navy in June 1862 but the name KENTUCKY was retained.
There is evidence that at one time Kentucky had active VOLCANOES. A special type of flint clay called tonstein occurs in the Eastern Kentucky Coal Field and is the product of volcanic ash falls.
The WEATHER in Kentucky is described as a humid subtropical climate. Monthly average temperatures range from a summer daytime high of 87 °F to a winter low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year. The state experiences all 4 seasons, usually with striking variations in the severity of summer and winter from year to year. In 2012, the state had a series of powerful storms and tornadoes. The Kentucky Climate Center provides information about the weather in the state. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. Information is available about how Global Warming will effect the state.
Time ZONES are established by the Coordinated Universal Time.The United States has several Time Zones. Eastern Kentucky is in the Eastern Time Zone and Western Kentucky is in the Central Time Zone. The state observes Daylight Saving Time. The state is in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 6a-7a.
Kentucky has 2 ZOOS. One is in Louisville and the other is in Dryridge. There is an aquarium in Newport. Kentucky Down Under is an Australian themed animal park. Honeyhill Farm has a mobile petting zoo and pony rides. The Kentucky Reptile Zoo in Slade has one of the largest collections of venous snakes in the world.