A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
The Connecticut ARCHAEOLOGY Center has a variety of information. The state celebrates Archaeology Month in October, and there are archaeology and paleontology events. Connecticut has several archaeological sites. The state has an extensive coast and inland lakes and much of the archaeological heritage is beneath the water. The Old Newgate Prison is a former prison and mine site in East Granby and is now operated by the state of Connecticut as the Old New-Gate Prison & Copper Mine Archaeological Preserve. The Office of State Archaeology and the State Historic Preservation Office are striving to identify and protect these resources.
Connecticut has a variety of
BIRDS. Some birds are
endangered. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hotspots and
Birding Trails. The State Bird is the
Connecticut has many
covered bridges and
historic bridges. The
Arrigoni Bridge has the longest span length in the state.
Bull's Bridge is a covered bridge spanning the
Housatonic River and serves traffic between the local community and the New York state line.
Gold Star Memorial Bridge is the largest bridge and largest structure in the state.
Connecticut has many BRIDGES including covered bridges and historic bridges. The Arrigoni Bridge has the longest span length in the state. Bull's Bridge is a covered bridge spanning the Housatonic River and serves traffic between the local community and the New York state line. Gold Star Memorial Bridge is the largest bridge and largest structure in the state.
Connecticut was one of the original 13 COLONIES. The Connecticut Colony was an English colony that became the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was originally known as the River Colony. After early struggles with the Dutch, the English gained control of the colony permanently. The colony was involved in the Revolutionary War.
Connecticut has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has several telephone Area Codes, and Internet Service Providers. The first phone book was published in New Haven in February 1878. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Southwestern Connecticut is part of the New York metropolitan area; 3 of Connecticut's 8 counties, including most of the state's population, are in the New York City combined statistical area, commonly called the Tri-State Region. Middlesex is the smallest county in the state and Litchfild is the largest. Fairfield has the largest population and Windham the smallest.
DINOSAURS roamed what is now Connecticut around 200 million years ago. Dinosaur State Park is one of the largest dinosaur track sites in North America. It is a Registered Natural Landmark, because of its exceptional value in illustrating the natural history of the United States. Footprint of dinosaurs have been found in Connecticut Valley and the State Fossil is a Eubrontes dinosaur tracks.
Connecticut offers free public EDUCATION and is compulsory for children from ages 6 to 16. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in the state. The state also has many Private Schools and Religous Schools.
A variety of EVENTS are held in Connecticut including many fairs and festivals. The Durham Fair is the largest agricultural fair in the state. There are also Arts and Craft Shows. The state celebrates public Public Holidays and other special days.
The FOOD Timeline of the Connecticut dates back to colonial days.The food of Connecticut is similar to the rest of New England. The state has food Festivals, Events, and Shows. The Library of Congress has officially declared that Louis Lassen of Louis' Lunch, a small lunch wagon in New Haven, Connecticut, sold the first hamburger in the country in 1900. The Graham Cracker originated in this state. Several Food Banks are located throughout the state.
Connecticut has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but some are National Historic Places and have a marker or some buildings. Fort Griswold is a State park and has a monument and museum. Fort Trumbull is also a State Park. Fort Nathan Hale and Black Rock Fort have been restored.
Connecticut has GHOST TOWNS. The Pleasure Beach Ghost town has cottages, houses, radio tower, and a gazzebo. Cuties Island has 2 roofless stone buildings and a flag pole. Connecticut claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSiTION of Connecticut is approximately 40-42 latitude north and 71-73 longitude west. The geographic center is in Berlin. The highest point is Bear Mountain and Long Island Sound is the lowest. Geocaching is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and the state has many Geocaches. The topography of Connecticut ranges from sea level to 3,000 ft.
The HISTORY of Connecticut dates back to well over 10,000 years when the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe occupied Southeastern Connecticut. The written history dates back to 1614 when Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sailed up the Connecticut River. One major Revolutionary War battle was fought in Connecticut at Groton in September 1781. Part of the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route goes through Connecticut. The state played a small but important part in the CIVIL WAR. The Submarine Folrce Library and Museum near Groton is the only submarine museum managed by the Naval History & Heritage Command.. The state participates in National History Day.
Connecticut has many Islands. Some islands are the the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. The Selden Neck State Park is actually an island and only accessible by water. It has an archaeological site that is on the National Register of Historic Places. Horse Island is the largest of the Thimble Islands, is an archipelago consisting of small islands in Long Island Sound, and is owned by Yale University.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Connecticut Judicial System is made up of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court, Probate Court, and the Superior Court.
Many aspects of life in Connecticut focus on KIDS and the state has a website for Kids with information for kids about their state. Kids CT has information about special places in the state kids enjoy. NOAA has a special page for kids.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout Connecticut. The State Library is in Hartford. Scoville Memorial Library was the first publically funded library in the country. Connecticut has a Poet Laureate.
Connecticut has 14 active LIGHTHOUSES 2 of which are maintained as private aids, and 6 are standing but inactive. New London Harbor Light is the 5th oldest light station and the 7th oldest lighthouse in the country and it is both the oldest and the tallest lighthouse in Connecticut, Falkner Island Light is the second oldest lighthouse in the state. Mystic Seaport Light is an active light, but not an official aid to navigation. The lighthouse has two short educational films that highlight the history and architectural diversity of American lighthouses. , constructed in 1943, was the last officially recognized lighthouse in the state. Several lighthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
Connecticut has a variety of MUSEUMS. The Connecticut Childrens Museum offers hands-on fun with science and nature for younger children and families. The Barker Character, Comic and Cartoon Museum has one of the country's largest collections of character toys & artifacts, spanning 15 decades of American history. The Peabody Museum of Natural History opened in 1866 at Yale University and is among the oldest, largest, and most prolific university natural history museums in the world.
The first inhabitants of what is now Connecticut were NATIVE AMERICANS - the Paleoindian followed by the Archaic, and the Woodland. After prehistoric time, 6 tribes lived there. Today there are several tribes, bands, and communities including 2 Federally recognized tribes. The state has 2 Indian Casinos. There is a Schemitzun (Feast of Green Corn and Dance) on the Mashantucket Reservation.
Connecticut has several OBSERVATORIES and planetariums. The White Memorial Conservation Center is a Dark Sky site. The state has Astronomy Clubs & Organizations. In 2011 a huge meteor streaked across the sky in the state. Two meteorites have fallen and been found in the state within the last few years. The state participates in National Astronomy Day
About 3 and 1/2 million People live in Connecticut. Officially, a resident is called a Connecticut. People from Connecticut are often called Nutmeggers because Nutmeg is the state spice. They also call themselves by the more regional Yankee, or even New Englanders, as so many are transplants from surrounding states. Many famous people have called the state their home including George W. Bush, Former U.S. President; Noah Webster, author; P.T. Barnum, Circus Owner; Harriet Beecher Stowe; and several actresses Marlo Thomas, Mia Farrow, Meryl Streep, Katherine Hepburn, and Joanne Woodward.
Take a QUIZ about Connecticut
Connecticut has a variety of REPTILES and amphibians including Frogs and toads, and lizards and salamanders. The state also has turtles and snakes and 2 are venonous. Some amphibians are endangered and some reptiles are endangered. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program. Long Island Sound has Sea Turtles and all sea turtles in the country are listed as either endangered or threatened, and are protected under the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973.
Connecticut has many RIVERS and all of them flow into the Long Island Sound. Fourteen miles of the Farmington River is part of the National Wild and Scenic River System. The Quinnipiac River is located entirely in the state. The Mystic River has a long history of industrial use and Mystic Seaport has the largest maritime museum in the country. The Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England States. Cruises can be taken on the river.
Connecticut has a variety of TRAILS including Hiking, Biking, and Equestrian trails. The Blue-Blazed Hiking Trail system is made up of over 800 miles of hiking trails in Connecticut. Part of the New England National Scenic Trail, the National Historic Trail,the Appalachian National Scenic Trailand the Last Green Valley National Heritage Corridor go through Connecticut. The state participates in National Trails Day. Connecticut has several Roadside Attractions.
Connecticut has all forms of TRANSPORTATION and an Adopt-a-Highway Program. The Department of Transportation is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state. Many special License Plates. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. To celebrate its 50th anniversary, Matchbox Cars designated a vehicle for each state, for Connecticut it was the Mercedez-Benz ML 430.
Connecticut has many species of TREES. The largest tree in the state is a sycamore located on the east bank of the Farmington River in the Weatogue section of Simsbury. About 10 trees in the state are on the National Register of Champion Trees. The state tree is the White Oak.
Seven ships have been named USS Connecticut. The 1st The USS Connecticut (1776) was a gundalow that served with the Continental Army on Lake Champlain during the American Revolutionary War. The 2nd USS Connecticut (1799) served during the Quasi-War. The 3rd USS Connecticut (1861) was a sidewheel steamer launched in 1861 that saw action in the American Civil War. The 4th USS Connecticut (BB-18) was the lead ship of her class of battleship. She was the flagship of the Great White Fleet and saw action during World War I. The Fifth is the second Seawolf-class submarine. The USS Nautilus (SSN 571) is the first operational nuclear-powered submarine in the world.
The WEATHER in Connecticut is temperate due to its long coastline. Spring has frequent rain. Summer is hot and humid and thunderstorms can be severe. Fall is mild. Winter in the northwest part of the state is generally cold. Tropical cyclones occasionally affect the state and there is usually 1 tornado a year. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Global Warming in the state.
Connecticut has a variety of WILDLIFEincluding Shrews and moles and Bats. There are also Rabbits and hares, and Rodents. The state also has a wide variety of Hoofed mammals include white tailed deer Moose, and Elk. The State Animal is the Sperm Whale. Some animals are endangered including the Least Shrew, the Indiana bat, and the New England cottontail. The state has 2 Wildlife Refuges.
Beardsley ZOO has 300 animals representing primarily North and South American species. It has information about many endangered and threatened species, a South American rainforest with free-flight aviary, a walk through a prairie dog exhibit with pop-up viewing areas, a New England Farmyard with goats, cows, pigs, sheep and other barnyard critters, and a walk along the hoofstock trail featuring bison, pronghorn, deer and more. The Mystic Aquarium is one of three U.S. facilities holding Steller sea lions, and it has the only beluga whales in New England. Special exhibits include a ray and shark touch pool, an African penguin exhibit, a jelly gallery, and an "Exploration: Wild" ecosystems exhibit.