A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
Although AMISH were once scattered throughout Arkansas, there are no Old Order Amish living in the state at the present time. The Amish way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community.
Arkansas celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month in March, and there are several archaeology and paleontology events. The state has several archaeological sites. The Nodena Site is a on the National Register of Historic Places. Parkin Archeological State Park at Parkin preserves a 17-acre village site occupied by the Parkin people from A.D. 1000 to sometime after 1550. The Toltec Mounds site protects the tallest surviving prehistoric mound in the state.
Arkansas has a variety of
BIRDS. Bird watching is popular and there are many
Birding Hotspots and
Birding Trails. The State Bird is the
Arkansas has a variety of many
covered bridges and
suspension bridges. The
Big Dam Bridge is the longest pedestrian/bicycle bridge in North America that has never been used by cars or trucks. The
Hernando De Soto Bridge was named after the explorer who explored this part of the Mississippi River. Many bridges are on the
National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas.
Arkansas has a variety of many BRIDGES including covered bridges and suspension bridges. The Big Dam Bridge is the longest pedestrian/bicycle bridge in North America that has never been used by cars or trucks. The Hernando De Soto Bridge was named after the explorer who explored this part of the Mississippi River. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas.
Arkansas has all forms of COMMUNICATION including newspapers, magazine, radio, and television. The state has 3 Area Codes and several Internet Service Providers. Webcams are located throughout the state.
Arkansas has 75 COUNTIES. The term county is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government. Unionis the largest county in size and Sebastian is the smallest. Benton is the largest county by population and Calhoun is the smallest.
At one time DINOSAURS roamed what is now Arkansas. Fossilized foot bones of an early Cretaceous Therapod were discovered on a farm in 1972. It was named Arkansaurus fridayi after the state and farmer and is the State Dinosaur. In 1900 a prehistoric mastodon skeleton was discovered south of the Nodena archaeological site. CLICK HERE for dinosaur coloring pages.
The Arkansas Department of Education oversees the education of children in the state. School attendance is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 17. Schoolbug and Great Schools provide information about public schools in Arkansas. The state also has many private schools and homeschooling is popular.
Arkansas has a variety of EVENTS throughout the year including many Festivals and Special Events, There is a State Fair in Little Rock and several County Fairs and District Fairs throughout the state. A Mule Jump festival is held in Pea Ridge. The state celebrates public holidays and other special days.
The FOOD Timeline of Arkansas dates back to the 1700s and each region has its own unique food - Plantation cookery of the Mississippi Valley, the hill cooking of the Ozarks, and the Mexican influcences of Texas and Oklahoma.The state food is milk. The South Arkansas Vine ripe tomato is the State Fruit & Blossom. The state cooking vessel is the Dutch Oven. Arkansas has Food Festivals, Events, & Shows.
Arkansas has had many FORTS. Most have been destroyed but some buildings remain. There is a reporduction of the Union Civil War fort, Fort Curtis, in downtown Helena. Fort Roots has a VA Hospital many of its original military buildings and an 11-acre "parade ground". Fort Smith is a National Historic Site and a visitor center is located in the old Barracks/Courthouse/Jail building. Fort Chaffee is an Army National Guard installation in western Arkansas, adjacent to the city of Fort Smith. It has served as a United States Army base, training camp, prisoner-of-war camp, and refugee camp.
Arkansas has GHOST TOWNS. The town of Bolding has scattered farms and homes. Eros has school building, cemetery, community building, and general store. Rush is maintained by the National Park Services and maintains structures and hiking trails. Arkansas claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Arkansas is approximately 34 latitude north and 92 longitude west. The geographic center is Pulaski County. The highest point is Magazine Mountain and the lowest point is the Quachita River. A popular activity is Geocaching which is a high-tech sport using a Global Positioning System and Arkansas has a many Geocaching Organization and many geocaches. The topography of the state ranges from about 50 ft. to 3,000 ft. .
Archaeologists have found evidence of people living in the Arkansas area since 9,500 bc. The Archaic Era lasted from 8,000 bc to 500 bc and the Woodland Era from 500 bc to 900 ad. The Plum Bayou people were prominent from 650-1050 ad. The Mississipian Era lasted from 900-1541 ad. The written HISTORY of Arkansas dates back to the 15th century. The state was involved in the Revolutionary War. Arkansas was part of the Confederate States during the Civil War. The state participates in National History Day.
Arkansas has hundreds of Islands in lakes & rivers. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Award Program because they have a ham radio. Buck Island has opportunities for camping, hiking, fishing, paddling, and wildlife-watching. Big Island is one of the largest island in the state. Lake Ouachita has more than 100 uninhabited islands for primitive camping.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Judicial System of Arkansas is made up of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, and City Court.
Many aspects of life in Arkansas focus on KIDS. Arkansas Kids provides information for kids about their state. NOAA has a special page for kids. There are many Summer Camps for kids. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Arkansas has several MOUNTAIN ranges. The Ozarks cover much of the northwest and north central part of the state. The Razorback Forest Service Tower at Eureka Springs is open to the public. Mountain Climbing and Rock Climbing are popular activities. The Arkansas Climbers' Coalition is dedicated to preserving and protecting climbing areas.
Arkansas is part of the OLD WEST - the area west of the Mississippi during the 1800s. The state has cowboys & cowgirls. The Arkansas Cowboy Association is one of the largest rodeo associations in the state. The Arkansas Rodeo Association sanctions approximately 75 rodeos each year over the state of Arkansas, as well as, the surrounding states of Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana. Fort Smith hosts Old Fort Days Rodeo. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many Horse Trails & Campgrounds.
Nearly 3 million PEOPLE live in Arkansas and residents are called Arkansan, Arkansawyer, and/or Arkie. Many famous people have called the state their home including Bill Clinton, former US President; Alan Ladd, actor; and Johnny Cash, singer.
Take a QUIZ about Arkansas.
Arkansas has 113 species of REPTILES and amphibians including frogs and salamanders. It also has a variety of lizards and turtles. There are many snakes including 6 that are venomous. The largest reptile is the American Alligator. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program. The state has a Reptile Rescue Program.
Arkansas has many RIVERS. The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River and the 6th longest river in the country. Arkansas has several sections of rivers in the Nation wide rivers inventory. The Buffalo River was the first National River to be designated in the country and is one of the few remaining undammed rivers in the Lower 48.
Arkansas has a variety of TRAILS including Hiking Trails and Biking Trails. The trails as Mt. Magazine State Park are consider the best in the state. Arkansas participates in National Trails Day. Arkansas has many scenic byways. The Talimena Scenic Drive is considered the best road trip in the state. Arkansas has many Roadside Attractions.
Arkansas has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Department of Transportation provides information on highways, updates on road conditions, and maps of construction projects throughout the state and has an Adopt-a-Highway Program. Many special License Plates Designs are offered. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. To celebrates its 50th aniversary, Match Box designated a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for Arkansas was the Auxiliary-Power Truck.
Arkansas has many species of TREES. The state tree is the Pine Tree. Arkansas had a famous and Historic Tree Program many Champion Trees. NASA is studying 2 loblolly pine trees in Arkansas that were grown from seeds that were launched into space in 1971. The Arkansas Black Apple Arkansas is chosen as a wildlife tree since it is disease resistant and the fruits hang well into the late fall.
Four ships have been named USS Arkansas. The 1st USS Arkansas (1863) was a screw steamer originally named Tonawanda that saw action in the American Civil War. The 2nd USS Arkansas (BM-7) lead ship of her class of single-turreted monitor, was one of the last American monitors. The 3rd USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a Wyoming-class battleship that saw action in World War I and World War II including the D-Day landings. The 4th USS Arkansas (CGN-41) was a Virginia-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser.
There is evidence that at one time Arkansas had active VOLCANOES. The Crater of Diamonds State Park is situated over an eroded volcanic pipe. In 2014, the US Geological Survey issued a warning for residents of Central Arkansas and surrounding areas of an eminent volcanic threat coming from Pinnacle Mountain in Pulaski County.The USGS has information about volcanoes around the country.
The WEATHER in Arkansas is mild and typically pleasant no matter what time of year. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. Information is available about Climate Change in Arkansas.
Arkansas has a variety of WILDLIFE. Hunting in Arkansas is a popular pastime.game include bear, alligator, dove, and fox. Some animals are endangered or threatened including the American Alligator, and the Ozark Hellbender. The state has several Wildlife Refuges and has many Wildlife Management Areas. There is an Elephant Sanctuary in the Ozark Mountains.
Time ZONES are established by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time ZONES. Arkansas is in the Central Time Zone and observes Daylight Saving Time. The state has several Plant Hardiness Zones.
Arkansas has a
ZOO and an